Apple iPhone 12
Apple on October 13, 2020 introduced its newest flagship iPhones, the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 mini, which offer powerful features at an affordable price tag. Sold alongside the more expensive iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max, the iPhone 12 and 12 mini are ideal for anyone who doesn’t need Pro camera features.
The 6.1-inch iPhone 12 is a successor to the iPhone 11, while the 5.4-inch iPhone 12 is an all-new size and marks the smallest iPhone Apple has introduced since the 2016 iPhone SE. Aside from screen size and battery size, the two phones are technically identical. With its small size, the iPhone 12 mini is ideal for those who prefer an iPhone that can be used one-handed.
All iPhone models this year feature Super Retina XDR OLED displays for the first time, with an edge-to-edge design with the exception of the Face ID notch and small bezels around the edge. There’s no difference in display quality between the standard iPhone 12 models and the Pro models.
iPhone 12 features
The iPhone 12 has several new features and updates to push the device even further. A new design, new colors, better cameras, and a better processor. Apple positioned the latest lineup as “iPhone for everyone” with the biggest variation in screen size and color ever in the company’s history.
This is the first iPhone generation to include OLED in every model. The display uses Apple’s Super Retina XDR technology with a 2 million-to-1 contrast ratio with better HDR and true blacks. This display comes in at 460ppi and can display up to 1200 nits of HDR content.
Apple states this is the most durable iPhone display ever made. It has a new Ceramic Shield, which improves durability when dropped. The temperature crystallization process used to toughen the glass improves drop protection by up to 4x compared to older models.
The 6.1-inch display size is not new to the baseline model, though the flat bezels and improved design give way to a better screen to body ratio.
The rear camera setup is similar to the iPhone 11. There are two 12-megapixel rear cameras— one wide and one ultra-wide. The layout is the same as the iPhone 11, but features wider aperture on both lenses.
The Wide Camera has an f/1.6 aperture, which improves on the iPhone 11’s f/1.8 aperture. This allows 27% more light for better low light photos and videos.
Computational photography is vastly improved thanks to the A14 Bionic processor. Deep Fusion and Night mode work on all the cameras, including the front-facing selfie camera.
Smart HDR 3 uses ML to adjust white balance, contrast, texture, and saturation in every photo. Each photo taken is analyzed by the image signal processor built into the A14 to bring out the most accurate detail and color.
The iPhone 12 can shoot video in HDR with Dolby Vision grading, the first for any smartphone. Recording in 4K HDR with Dolby Vision will allow filmmakers to create video that has never been possible on an iPhone before. Apple touts the fact that you can record, edit, view, and share Dolby Vision content all on the same device.
The front-facing camera is still a 12-megapixel, f/2.2 lens. The TrueDepth system is unchanged.
The front camera features a portrait mode with advanced bokeh and depth control, Portrait Lighting with effects, 4K video recording, 1080p HD video recording, and next-generation Smart HDR. It also features cinematic video stabilization, wide color capture, Live Photos, burst mode, and auto image stabilization.
As mentioned before, the front-facing camera can now take advantage of Night mode and Deep Fusion computations.
The A14 Bionic is a custom Apple Silicon processor that uses the 5-nanometer process. It features a 50% faster CPU and GPU than other manufacturers’ smartphone chips and has over 11.8 billion transistors. Benchmarks show the A14 has around a 20% improvement over the A13 in single-core and multi-core performance.
The Neural Engine features a 16-core processor that is up to 80% faster than the A13 Bionic. It performs over 11 trillion operations per second. The Neural Engine is responsible for everything from machine learning to photography when using the iPhone.
5G will bring a new level of performance to streaming, gaming, and workflows. All the new iPhone 12 models get 5G and support mmWave bands in the U.S.
Apple built the iPhone 12’s frame with custom 5G antennas and has enabled more 5G bands than any other smartphone. iOS frameworks have been tooled to work with 5G from the ground up for maximum optimization.
Verizon 5G ultra-wideband offers 4Gbps download and 200Mbps upload during ideal conditions. The network will reach 60 cities by the end of the year. Verizon’s standard 5G network is launching, too, giving iPhone 12 buyers a widely available network at launch. AT&T and T-mobile also have nationwide 5G networks available at launch.